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Tag Archives: Internet Archive
simple way to make h.264 mp4 web and iOS/mobile playable video mp4 files for linux and macosx using ffmpeg
Greetings video geeks!
At my job, I’ve updated the process and way we create our .mp4 files that are shown on video pages on archive.org
It’s a much cleaner/clearer process, namely:
- I opted to ditch ffpreset files in favor of command-line argument 100% equivalents. It seems a bit easier for someone reading the task log of their item, trying to see what we did.
- I no longer need qt-faststart step and dropped it. I use the cmd-line modern ffmpeg “-movflags faststart”
Entire processing is now done 100% with ffmpeg, in the standard “2-pass” mode
As before, this output .mp4:
- plays in modern html5 video tag compatible browsers
- plays in flash plugin within browsers
- works on all iOS devices
- makes sure the “moov atom” is at the front of the file, so browsers can playback before downloading the entire file, etc.
Here is an example (you would tailor especially the “scale=640:480″ depending on source aspect ratio and desired output size; change or drop altogether the “-r 20″ option (the source was 20 fps, so we make the dest 20 fps); tailor the bitrate args to taste):
- ffmpeg -y -i stairs.avi -vcodec libx264 -pix_fmt yuv420p -vf yadif,scale=640:480 -profile:v baseline -x264opts cabac=0:bframes=0:ref=1:weightp=0:level=30:bitrate=700:vbv_maxrate=768:vbv_bufsize=1400 -movflags faststart -ac 2 -b:a 128k -ar 44100 -r 20 -pass 1 -acodec aac -strict experimental stairs.mp4;
- ffmpeg -y -i stairs.avi -vcodec libx264 -pix_fmt yuv420p -vf yadif,scale=640:480 -profile:v baseline -x264opts cabac=0:bframes=0:ref=1:weightp=0:level=30:bitrate=700:vbv_maxrate=768:vbv_bufsize=1400 -movflags faststart -ac 2 -b:a 128k -ar 44100 -r 20 -pass 2 -acodec aac -strict experimental -metadata title=’”Stairs where i work” – lame test item, bear with us – http://archive.org/details/stairs’ -metadata year=’2004′ -metadata comment=license:’http://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/’ stairs.mp4;
Happy hacking and creating!
PS: here is the way we compile ffmpeg (we use ubuntu linux at work, but this script works on macosx, too).
My boss had the great idea for me to time-lapse record 48 hours of a book donation, cataloging, and moving event. It was held in one of the longest buildings at Fort Mason, San Francisco and wound up giving the Internet Archive over 125,000 *more books*!